Karabakh

Black Garden – an ancient historical region of Azerbaijan

The name Karabakh is a combination of the words “qara” (black) and “bağ” (garden). The word “Karabakh” as a name given by Azerbaijani people to their land first appeared in primary sources of the 7th century.

Khojaly genocide
Photo ©Shamil Shafiyev

The Karabakh problem is rooted back to the 18th century, when Armenians were moved from Iran and relocated to Karabakh, a determined policy of the Iranian political elite, so Armenians could claim Azerbaijani Turkish territories.

The Armenians gradually increased in number and began making territorial claims on Azerbaijan. They continued their separatist activities during the Karabakh khanate and organized campaigns by external forces against it. After Russian occupation of the khanate in 1805, the relocation of Armenians there, as well as to Nakhchivan and Irevan, was intensified. In order to formalise this process some paragraphs were even appended to the Turkmenchay Treaty in 1828, which divided Azerbaijan in two. The Armenians began making concrete territorial claims on Karabakh, Nakhchivan and Irevan from the beginning of the twentieth century with strong support from Iran and Russia. In pursuit of this goal, Armenians perpetrated genocide in 1918 throughout Azerbaijan, the unspoken genocide in Urmia, where hundreds of ethnic Azerbaijani Turkish people were killed by Armenians in a bloody massacre. The main aim was to create a “Great Armenia, from sea to sea”. After the establishment of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1918 Irevan, the historically ancient territory of Azerbaijan was ceded to the Armenians and the issue seemed to be resolved. Further, during Soviet rule Zangazur and Goycha were given to Armenia. Thus, Russia and Iran realized their aims not only to separate Azerbaijan from Turkey, but also to split Nakhchivan from Azerbaijan geographically. However, their repeated attempts to annex Karabakh to Armenia in the Soviet era were in vain.

Before the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Armenians in Karabakh had already armed and they began operations there in 1988. Large-scale military operations were halted with the signing of a cease-fire in 1994, and Nagorno-Karabakh together with another seven, adjacent, regions of Azerbaijan  – Lachin, Kalbajar, Aghdam, Fizuli, Jabrayil, Gubadli and Zangilan – were occupied by Armenia. The separatist regime in Nagorno-Karabakh declared its “independence” in 1991. This “independence”, which does not comply in any way with international law, rightly remains unrecognized by any country.

Massacre in Khojaly a horror not forgotten by Azerbaijanis

On the night from 25th to 26th of February 1992, hundreds of innocent civilians, including women, children and elderly were brutally massacred in a small town of Khojaly in Azerbaijan, by Armenians.

Untitled-2-1


Visit JUSTICE FOR KHOJALY for more information!

Picture2

“LET US JOINTLY CAMPAIGN FOR THE TRUTH AND TO PROVE THAT JUSTICE WILL TRIUMPH” LEYLA ALIYEVA, CAMPAIGN INITIATOR – JUSTICE FOR KHOJALY